Car & Vehicles HOW-TO

How to Check and Add Steering Power Oil

Except for the smallest cars, all cars have a hydraulic steering system to assist the driver to steer easily. The power steering system consists of a number of components: the gear bar and gear are connected to the front wheel, a piston inside the gear bar and gear, moves up thanks to the oil with pressure from the steering aid pump , and an oil cylinder is located above the pump. (If there is not enough oil, the steering will be more difficult and the pump, the gear bar and the gear bar are also susceptible to damage due to the lack of lubrication). Therefore, it is important to check the power steering oil level as often as needed and provide more when needed.


Find the container cylinder. If you have trouble turning the steering wheel or if the steering wheel makes a rattle noise when you steer, your power steering fluid may be low. Power steering oils can be found in the cylinder tank next to the power steering zipper and they are clearly displayed. The cylinder can be made of plastic or metal.
If you cannot find the cylinder, see the instruction manual to find the location. While the power steering tank can be in the same position in most cars, newer cars can be positioned differently for economical or spatial reasons.


Check the power assist oil level. If the tank cylinder is made of translucent plastic, you can see the oil level inside the cylinder. If the tank cylinder is made of metal or if the plastic is not clear enough you will have to check the oil level with a probe, usually attached to the car cover.

In some vehicles, the power steering oil level can only be checked accurately after the engine has been running for a short time, and sometimes you will have to turn the steering in many directions a few times when the vehicle is in. idle.

In other vehicles, the scale on the dipstick or cylinder is “high” after the engine has run, and a “low” level after the engine has turned off for a while. In other vehicles as well, there may be “Minimum” and “Maximum” markings for the serviceable oil level. Be sure to compare the power level with the standard rating.


Check the dipstick to see where the power steering oil level is. If you are using the dipstick to check the power steering oil level, first wipe off excess oil from the dipstick when you take it out of the cylinder, then plug it back in and take it out.


Check the power steering oil color. A good power steering oil should be clean, amber or light pink.

If the power steering oil is brown or black, the oil has become dirty from the rubber joints on the pipe, seal or O-ring. In this case, take the vehicle to a repairer to check if a replacement is required. Is there any part in the powertrain that drives with the oil?

Power steering oil may look darker than it really is. If in doubt, check the color of the power steering oil stain on a cloth or paper towel as you wipe the dipstick. If the stain is normal oily color, your oil should be fine.


Add the steering fluid to the correct amount. If your car has a scale on its cylinders, you can add oil until you reach a “hot” or “cold” fill level; If you check the oil level with a dipstick, add oil slowly to avoid overfilling the tank.

Be sure to use only one power-steering oil recommended for your vehicle, as it will have the right viscosity (consistency) for the power steering system for your vehicle.

If you don’t have power steering and are in an emergency, you can also use automatic transmission oil instead. Automatic transmission oil and power steering oil are similar except in color: The transmission oil is red or pink while the power steering oil is usually not. (If you want to know it, the automatic transmission oil leaks out very quickly, so it’s red.)


Be careful not to “excessively” pour oil into the power steering. It is better to pour less than overfill. Because the power steering oil expands when it heats up and comes into play. If you fill the lid and try to drive it, the increased pressure causes problems and expensive repairs.


Replace the cylinder cap. Depending on the manufacturer, you may need to push or screw the cover into place. Be sure to firmly close the lid before you close the hood.

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