SCIENCE

Here’s how the Japanese weave ultra-durable fabrics: The nails are also popped out!

What is Ushikubi village textiles?

Ushikubi textiles come from the small town of Hakusan (formerly Ushikubi village) in Ishikawa prefecture in western Japan, famous for its shiny fabric and high durability despite being woven from silk.

This fabric is advertised as durable enough to even be called Kuginuki-tsumugi (釘 抜 紬, a silk fabric that can pull nails), as even nails will pop out of the Ushikubi cloth.

Legend has it that in the 4th year of Bao Nguyen (1159), during the riots of the Heiji period, a couple went to the foot of Mount Hakusan in Mushikubi village to take refuge. The wife taught the villagers here the craft of weaving silk fabrics; Since then, the durable woven fabric of Ushikubi village was born and famous throughout the country.

Although during the Second World War, the production of Japanese handicrafts in particular and Ushikubi textiles once stopped altogether, but after the war, mulberry fields and silkworm farming were restored and the village. Ushikubi is back online. In 1988 (63rd Chieu Hoa year), Ushikubi village textile was recognized as “National Traditional Craft Product”.

How is Ushikubi woven fabric different from ordinary silk fabric?

Ushikubi woven fabrics differ from ordinary woven fabrics or silk in that they are woven from cocoons released by two silkworms at the same time, not one (also known as Tamamayu 玉 繭, Pinyin: Ngoc Kien).

Since the above cocoons will create two entwined silk lines when weaving and become tangled easily if not spun by skilled craftsmen, they were also known as Kuzumayu く ず 繭 (discarded / discarded cocoons).

However, with the skill of “grinding” the silk by the hand of the craftsman with the Zaguriseishi (座 繰 製, weaving on a sprocket fitted with a gear to speed spin), the silk yarn has become a fabric. Very durable, has high elasticity and very good elasticity.

With high durability, breathable fabric and soft, beautiful shine, Ushikubi hand-woven fabric is not only used as a Kimono or Obi (a belt scarf for Kimono), but also for some Paris fashion collections. It also uses this fabric to make modern Western clothing.

In addition, Ushikubi fabric can also be used to sew fabric everyday items such as purses, pen bags … which are very suitable for souvenirs because of their dyed color and elegant patterns as well as durability. , hard to fray.

Source: Trí Thức Trẻ

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *