History SCIENCE

June 22: Galileo Galilei is jailed, forced to “give up, curse and disgust” his discovery.

Galileo introduced Copernican heliocentrism and firmly defended this discovery against the opposition of the Church at that time.

Astronomer Galileo Galilei was the first to discover that the Earth was not the center of the solar system, by observing the positions of the stars. He introduced Copernican heliocentricism and firmly defended this discovery against the opposition of the Church at that time.

The view of the Church at that time was that the Earth was the center of the universe and all of the arguments against it were considered heretics. On June 22, 1633, Galileo was brought before inquisition for trial.

The Inquisition’s ruling is in three main parts:

Galileo was identified as “highly suspicious of heretics”, making it clear that he believed in the ideas that the Sun is at the center of the universe, that the Earth is not the center of the universe, that one can believe and defending an opinion considers it true after it has been declared bible.

His Dialogues are banned; and in an unpublished act at trial, the publication of any of his works was prohibited, including works he might write in the future.

Before the inquisition, he swore: “I, Galileo … swear I have, am and will believe in what is taught and preached by the church, with the help of the Lord. completely dismissed his false idea that the Sun is the center of the world and that every planet orbits around, and that the Earth is not the center of the world.

All of his research and notebooks were subsequently banned from circulation. It was not until 1718, 76 years after his death, that the Inquisition’s prohibitions on the reprinting of Galileo’s works were lifted.

Galileo Galilei

In 1939, in his first address before the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, Pope Pius XII described Galileo as one of the “most daring heroes in the history of science … fearless in the face of obstacles and dangers when doing the job, nor blindly obey the great men of the past “

On November 31, 1992, Pope John Paul II expressed regret over the way Galileo was judged, and officially admitted that the Earth was not at rest, as a result of a study by the Institute of Culture. Pope proceeded. In March 2008, the Vatican proposed to complete the restoration of Galileo by erecting a statue of him inside the Vatican walls.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *