SCIENCE

Signs identifying the risk of pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer usually causes very few symptoms until it has spread and metastasized. It is ranked among the top cancers with the highest mortality rates

Among all types of cancer, the cause of pancreatic cancer remains a mystery to scientists. However, experts have confirmed several risk factors. According to Webmd, these factors are more present in people with pancreatic cancer than in people without the disease.

What is pancreatic cancer?

Pancreatic cancer occurs when cells in the pancreas, an organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a tumor. Cancer cells have the ability to invade other parts of the body.

There are several types of pancreatic cancer. The most common type, adenocarcinoma, accounts for about 85% of cases, and the term “pancreatic cancer” is sometimes used just to refer to that type.

Adenocarcinoma begins in the part of the pancreas that produces digestive enzymes. Several other types of cancer, which make up the majority of non-carcinomas, may also arise from these cells. For every one hundred cases of pancreatic cancer, one to two is neuroendocrine tumors,

arise from hormone-producing cells of the pancreas. These tumors are usually less invasive than pancreatic carcinoma.

Gene

5-10% of people with pancreatic cancer have a family history – a relative of them has had this cancer. Several other genes may also increase the risk of the disease, according to the scientists, but they haven’t identified it yet.

Diabetes

People with diabetes may not necessarily be more susceptible to pancreatic cancer, but the two diseases are linked.

Cigarette

Cigarette smoking is a factor that increases the risk of pancreatic cancer. The more you smoke, the higher the risk. Ten years after quitting, this risk returns to normal as those who have never smoked.

Obesity and inactivity

In a study with 88,000 nurses found that people who are overweight, obese (BMI greater than 30) are at greater risk of pancreatic cancer. People who are physically active also reduce the risk by up to half compared to those who are inactive.

Diet

Diets rich in fat and meat (especially processed meat or bacon) have been shown to be linked with pancreatic cancer in animals. Therefore, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables helps to reduce the risk of this dangerous cancer. However, there are also opinions that the link between diet and this disease is not really clear.

Lycopene and selenium

Studies show that the content of these nutrients is very low in people with pancreatic cancer. Even so, there is no clear evidence that lycopene and selenium deficiency can lead to pancreatic cancer. A diet containing meat and yellow or red vegetables can provide your body with the necessary amount of lycopene and selenium.

Eliminating pancreatic cancer risk factors will not completely reduce your risk. However, a healthy diet, a healthy weight, and regular exercise will help improve overall health and reduce the risk of other health problems, including pancreatic cancer.

Source: VnExpress

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