Discovery Science TECH

How dangerous is meningitis?

According to experts, meningitis is very dangerous, can appear in any age group, gender. Symptoms are easy to confuse with other diseases.

Pathology appears at all ages

The brain is located in the skull, the outside is surrounded by a membrane. A tumor in the immediate membrane is called a meningioma.

This tumor site accounts for 15% of all brain tumors. This is a pathology of all ages, genders. However, the rate of tumors appearing in adults than children, women more than men.

Brain tumors are of many types, including malignant and benign. A malignant tumor (cancer) that originates in the brain is called a primary brain tumor. In addition, the patient can also get sick from cancer moved from other parts of the body.

Patients can metastasize from lung cancer, mediastinum, nasopharynx, … This is called secondary brain cancer.

Brain tumors grow quickly or slowly depending on the type (benign or malignant). However, malignancies usually grow faster. If the patient is detected early and the cancer is completely operated, most of them will be completely cured. This disease has a recurrence rate.

Patients must be examined, consulted and monitored continuously and regularly. The survival time after treatment depends on many factors such as type of tumor, age, location, size, treatment methods …, so it is difficult to answer specific numbers.

This expert also said that all causes of brain damage (tumor, hematoma, cerebral embolism, brain bleeding, …) are very dangerous. Because the brain directs all activities of the body (central nervous system), including the heart and lungs. Maradona’s fatal cardiac arrest could be caused by tumors.

Disease warning symptoms

There are many potential symptoms of brain tumor. However, not all patients have all the symptoms. These symptoms often manifest differently for each patient, depending on the tumor’s location, type, size and rate of development.

Headache: Severe headache is a common symptom and can occur in about 50% of patients with brain tumors. Tumors can affect sensitive blood vessels and nerve fibers in the brain. This leads to headache symptoms of the patient.

They may experience persistent pain, greater in the morning when they wake up, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or other focal neurological symptoms. In addition, patients may experience increased pain when coughing, exercising or changing positions and positions. Conventional pain relievers do not relieve pain.

Seizures: The tumor can push on brain nerve cells, affect and alter the electromagnetic signals in the brain, causing seizures. Seizures are sometimes the first sign of a brain tumor. It can also be seen at any stage of the disease. About 50% of people with brain tumors experience at least one seizure.

However, epilepsy does not always come from brain tumors. Other causes of seizures include cerebral vascular malformations, after stroke, trauma, parasitic infections in the brain, …

Change in personality, mood: They can destroy brain function, affecting your personality and behavior. They also cause unusual, inexplicable mood swings.

Poor memory: Memory problems can be caused by brain tumors in the frontal and temporal lobes. Tumors in the frontal and parietal lobes can also affect your ability to reason and make decisions.

For example, patients find it difficult to concentrate, easily confuse, unable to coordinate many tasks, with short-term memory. It can also be caused by side effects from chemotherapy, radiation or other cancer treatments.

Fatigue: This could be due to a malignant brain tumor or a side effect of cancer treatments. Other conditions also cause fatigue such as autoimmune disease, neurological disorders, anemia, …

Depression: A common symptom in patients with brain tumors.

Nausea and vomiting: This symptom can appear in the early stages of the disease due to a hormone imbalance. Vomiting and nausea can also be side effects experienced during treatment.

Weakness, numbness: The patient has a feeling of weakness, numbness, and ants crawling in the hands and feet. This symptom usually tends to be unilateral. Patients need to distinguish with weakness in multiple sclerosis, diabetic nerves, Guillain – Barre syndrome.

cranial magnetic resonance imaging is the recommended indication in these cases. This method helps determine the brain tumor.

Most meningeal tumors are indicated for surgery with the purpose of removing the tumor and performing a surgical pathology test.

Follow-up is a treatment option for small meningeal tumors with no clinical manifestations, located in an important functional area (motor area, around large blood vessels), repeated re-examination but increased insignificant size, partial remainder or recurrence in surgery difficult place.

Age and accompanying illness are also factors for doctors to consider whether surgery is possible or not. The methods to reduce the risk of tumor recurrence and postoperative residual tumors are dose radiation therapy, localized radiation therapy, and radiation therapy.

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