Development history of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class

Mercedes-Benz S-Class has always been known as a pioneer in innovation and the new version of this model with code W223 is no exception.
W187 (1951 to 1954)

The first S-Class to use an advanced camshaft six-cylinder engine. In addition, it is also the pioneer with a conical safety door lock, a more powerful alternative to the traditional door lock. Thanks to this addition, it has the ability to prevent doors from opening in the event of an accident.

W105 / W180 / W128 (1954 to 1959)

The technological advancement of the W105 / W180 / W128 is that the self-supporting casing as well as the brake drum use something called “Turbocooling”, which is essentially a rib on the brake drum that dissipates heat. In addition, starting in 1958 the 220SE engine featured variable fuel injection with control.

W111 / W112 (1959 to 1965)

The W111 / W112 comes with a host of new technologies compared to its predecessor, which are inherently advanced, mostly big steps forward in terms of safety. The first is the padded steering wheel and the overall “trauma-reducing interior”. It is also equipped with a passenger safety box with front and rear surrounding areas, marking the first use of this technology in a mass production model. In addition, in terms of safety features from 1961, the 300SE engine received a number of features such as disc brakes, air suspension and central locking door.

W108 / W109 (1965 to 1972)

The W108 / W109 is an evolution over its predecessor, but that doesn’t mean it’s nothing new. All versions are equipped with hydraulic springs on the rear axle and V8 300SEL 6.3 L 247 horsepower.

The W116 is undoubtedly a major milestone in its history as it is the first to officially bear the S-Class name. Some of the vehicle technology improvements equipped include: ABS brake (from 1978) and cruise control (since 1975) as options, dust-proof rear lights and side windows, fuel tank on the axle. protection in the event of a collision. The W116 was also the first production car to be offered with a turbocharged diesel engine.

W126 (1979 to 1991)

Like the W111 / W112, the W126’s technological advances have a strong focus on safety. Vehicles equipped with seat belt tensioners and driver airbags since 1981, optional front passenger airbags since 1988, and optional ASR acceleration slip control for V8 models from 1985. Vehicles an electrically adjustable steering column has also been available as an option since 1985.

It was the first production car from Mercedes Benz with a 12-cylinder engine, the most powerful engine of the company at the time. Advances of this generation have focused on providing as many comforts as possible. Vehicle with glazed side windows, door and trunk energization options, CAN channel multiplexing system (Control Area Network) based on CAN,

The Auto Pilot System (APS) navigation system has been optional since 1995, optional dynamic xenon headlights and voice-controlled LINGUATRONIC since 1996.

W220 (1998 to 2005)

The W220 is said to be the first S-Class of modern times. Vehicles equipped with all kinds of new or budding automotive technologies, such as automatic cylinder shutoff, electronically controlled automatic transmission from 2004, active distance assist option, optional select the KEYLESS GO keyless access and steering authorization system, the PRE-SAFE occupant prevention system since 2002. Additionally, the W220 is the first S-Class to have AMG variants with models The S55 and S65, as well as the first S-Class to be offered with the option of 4MATIC all-wheel drive.

W221 (2005 to 2013)

Advances of the W221 are mainly focused on driver aids. It features improved active distance assist option (stop brake assist), PRE-SAFE brakes with partial automatic braking from 2006, optional automatic emergency braking from 2009, optional. opted for active night vision assist and optional lane keeping assist since 2009. It is also the first S-Class to have a hybrid variant with the S400 Hybrid since 2009.

W222 (2013 to 2020)

The W222 is one of the most innovative S-Classes. In addition to all its technology, this is also a vehicle that has made many technical strides. The all-new hybrid aluminum bodywork has a torsional rigidity rating of 50% higher than that of its predecessors. In addition, this is the first car to completely have no traditional bulbs instead with nearly 500 LEDs across the entire vehicle. The car also has a host of cutting-edge driving aids that Mercedes-Benz calls “Intelligent Drive”. The most prominent of them are ROAD SURFACE SCAN (road surface scanning) – capable of identifying potholes before encountering them and MAGIC BODY CONTROL, which will adjust chassis and suspension accordingly.

W223 (Today)

The S-Class’s latest technology is mainly focused on things that enhance the driving expeience with features such as a variety of screens (a few OLEDs), new infotainment systems and lighting. Active surrounds can visually reinforce alerts. In addition, more than 50 vehicle components can be updated online. The W223 also gets the world’s first mass-produced rear seat airbags, as well as an optional rear-wheel drive system that rotates up to 10 degrees.


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